FABRIC KNOWLEDGE

 

1) BAMBOO FABRIC…………..
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Bamboo fabric is the natural fabric that is made from pulp of bamboo grass. Bamboo fabric is more sustainable, light, anti bacterial, hypoallergenic and stronger than any other fabric. Because of these properties bamboo fabric is extensively used in almost all types of industries ranging from bedding to clothing. The properties like softness, appearance and durability make it such a widely accepted fabric in various industries.

When unspun bamboo fabric closely resembles the cotton. Bamboo fabric manufacturers and companies use bleaching chemicals to whiten the bamboo fabrics but to make organic bamboo fabric no such bleaching agents are used and mostly these are kept unbleached. Strong anti bacterial and water absorbing tendency make it fit to use directly on skin. Therefore people using it does not complaint of any itching or irritation as caused by wool or hemp. It is because, bamboo fibers naturally does not have any sharp spurs like these two fibers.

Along with these properties there are many other things that make it the most favorable fabric among suppliers, exporters and bamboo fabric wholesale manufacturers. One of these is the growth of bamboo plant. If proper soil is there then bamboo plant can grow up to 60 cm in a day because of the unique rhizome dependent system. This in turn means more production. Along with this no pesticides are used to grow the bamboo plant thus making it organic.
Process of Making Bamboo Fabric
Soft leaves and inner pith of the bamboo trunk are taken & crushed to form bamboo cellulose.
Bamboo cellulose is then soaked in solution of 15-20% hydrogen peroxide for one to three hours at 20-25 degrees C. The resultant will be alkali cellulose.
Then through the processing, excess of hydrogen peroxide is removed from alkali cellulose. This followed by crushing of cellulose and drying it for 24 hours.
Carbon disulfide (about one third) is added to bamboo alkali cellulose to sulfurize it and to convert it in the form of jell.
Then the remaining carbon disulfide is evaporated that results in sodium xanthogenate.
In sodium xanthogenate, diluted solution of sodium hydroxide is added. This creates the viscose solution containing 7-15% of bamboo fiber cellulose and 5% sodium hydroxide.
The viscose solution is then passed through the spinneret nozzle into a container containing diluted sulphuric acid. This results in the hardening of viscose bamboo cellulose sodium xanthogenate and reconvert it into bamboo fiber threads that are now spun to form bamboo fiber yarn. The bamboo fiber yarn is then used to make bamboo fabric.
We can supply all types of Bamboo Fabrics used in various industries. If you have any kind of sourcing requirement in bulk please send us an enquiry and we will send you the best quotations from genuine suppliers.
Uses of Bamboo Fabric In Various Industries
Apparel Industry and Bamboo Fabric
Because of unique luster and softness of bamboo fabric, it is used in apparel industry. Socks, undergarments, bathing suits, bath robes, sleepwear etc are made from bamboo fabric. Bamboo fabric are also hypoallergenic so the best for children and pregnant women. It is very comfortable because of the good absorbent property. Because of this it will not stick to your skin and you will feel cooler during summer and warm in winters.

Traditionally bamboo hats were worn by the farmers in Japan and China. Even it is also used to decorate women’s dress in west.

Bamboo Fabric in Non Woven Industry
Bamboo fabric manufacturers use the non-woven bamboo fabric extensively in making sanitary napkins, face masks for industrial and medical use and in mattress. Bamboo has high anti bacterial properties because of the bamboo kun that is a bio agent in bamboo and it is part of its molecular structure. It does not allow bacteria to incubate in bamboo.

Bamboo Fabric in Home Furnishings
Most of the home furnishing products like comforters, pillow covers, mattress pads, bed skirts,bed covers, bed sheets, towels, bath rugs, shower curtains et al are made from bamboo fabrics. Top brands are also promoting the use of bamboo fabric because of its natural and organic properties. Pottery Barn has the range of bed linen and other home furnishing products that are made from bamboo fabric along with other natural fabrics like cotton, hemp, silk, wool, hemp etc. These products are highly beneficial to use as these causes no harm to the body. They absorb moisture to a large extent keeping you free from that and thus making the furnishing comfortable to use. It is not that these
Advantages of Bamboo and Bamboo Fabric
Bamboo fabric is naturally grown plant that requires no pesticide or fertilizer. If we compare it with cotton then to grow conventional cotton 25% of the total pesticides used in the world are consumed that are harmful to the environment.
Bamboo fabric is extremely soft and luxurious to touch. It just feels like silk or cashmere.
Bamboo is a type of grass, which means that once you cut this it will regrow from the same roots leading to no problem in growing plant each year.
Bamboo is also the fastest growing plant. Moso bamboo grows up to a meter each day making it very sustainable.
As compare to cotton the yield per acre is more as bamboo plant can grow very densely. Also bamboo plant absorbs 35% more carbon dioxide than the other equal trees.
Bamboo fabric absorbs 60% more water as compared to cotton. This makes it favorite among bamboo fabric manufacturers. Because of this property bathroom furnishing like bath robes, towels, bath mats are extensively made from bamboo fabric.
Thermo regulating property makes bamboo fabric wearable in every season. It is cool in summers and warm in winters.
Bamboo fabric is also hypoallergenic and has anti bacterial properties.
Natural sheen on bamboo fabric makes it excellent choice to sew fashionable clothes.
Clothes made from bamboo are easy to wash and dry.
Bamboo clothing is wrinkle resistant and requires less ironing and that too at low temperature. It is also prone to less shrinkage in warm water.
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2) COTTON FABRIC………………
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Cloth made of cotton is more comfortable, durable and suitable to resist all kinds of weather. The comfort quality of the cotton is due to its twisted or coiled shape. It traps air within the fabric structure and help for a thermal insulation process, resulting protection from heat in summer and cold in winter.

For the fabrics strength, absorbency quality, capacity to be washed and dyed, cotton has become the principal clothing fabric of the world. It is obtained from a bushy plant scientifically known as Gossypium. The fruit (boll) part of the plant is used to make cotton fabric. There are four main types of cotton namely American Upland, Egyptian, Sea Island and Asiatic.
In the world production of cotton, China is the leading followed by United States, India, Pakistan, Brazil, Turkey and Greece. Today, production of cotton is one of the major factors in world prosperity and economic stability.
Process of creating the Cotton Fabric
Cotton fiber undergoes several process to reach the stage of final cloth. The processes are as mentioned below:

Ginning
Ginning is the method of separating the cotton fibers from the seedpods, and sometimes with the sticky seeds. This is done in the cotton field with the help of machines.

Spinning
Spinning is the succeeding step to ginning. This process involves the making of yarn from the cotton fiber. The cotton yarns are made of different thickness in this stage.

Weaving
Weaving is the most important process in the making of cotton cloth. In this process, two yarn is placed to make warp and weft of a loom which successively turn them into a cloth.

Fabric finishes and treatments
After weaving the cotton fabric passes through different processing stages till it reaches to the state of final product. The stages are mentioned below, but it is not necessary for the fabric to undergo all the process for e.g. grain bags cloth are used unbleached.
Singeing – This process burns off the fibers sticking in the goods.
Desizing – This process involves removing the size material from warp yarns in woven fabrics.
Scouring – The cleaning part of the fabrics are involved in this process.
Bleaching – The fabrics are bleached here to make it more whiter and lighter.
Mercerizing – In this process, the fabric is immersed in alkali to make it more strong, shining, durable, shrink free and stretch free.
Dyeing – This process involves the changing of the fabric color by the treatment with a dye.
Finishing – In this process, the fabric is treated with some chemicals or other useful agents to make it qualitatively more better, for e.g. cotton is made sun protected by treating it with UV protecting agent.
Characteristics of Cotton Fabric
It is soft and comfortable.
It has good strength.
It is easy to handle and sew.
It drapes well.
It is flame retardant.
It is machine-washable and dry-cleanable.
It is hydrophilic, which means that cotton have excellent absorbing capabilities. Garments made of cotton absorb perspiration, thus keeping one more comfortable.
Cotton wrinkles easily. To resist this, cotton is being blended with many other natural or synthetic fibers.
The blending of cotton also gives a bouncy and elasticity property to the cotton.
100% untreated cotton fabric has pleasant matte luster.
It is hypoallergenic, which means it has a low tendency to cause allergic reactions.

We can cater to all types of Cotton Fabrics for various industries. If you have any kind of sourcing requirement in bulk please send us an enquiry and we will send you the best quotations from genuine suppliers.
Uses of Cotton Fabric
Cotton Apparel / Garments – Garments made of cotton are very soft, comfortable and weather friendly. They are either 100% or blended with some natural or synthetic fibers. Normally all types of garments are made of cotton fabrics; formal, casual and even industrial clothing.
Cotton Home Furnishing – Cotton home furnishing is preferred because of the fabrics strength and durability characteristics. A good example of cotton home furnishing is rugs or durries, draperies and curtains, bedding products, etc.
Cotton Handbags and Luggages – Due to strength, cotton handbags and luggages are more widely preferred. The heavier cotton fabric is used in these kind of products.
Cotton Canvas – Medium to heavyweight cotton fabric is used in range of canvas products like shoes, tents, tarpaulins, etc.
Apart from these, cotton fabrics are also used in medical and surgical products, bookbinding cloths and tobacco cloths

3) CANVAS FABRIC………
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Canvas FabricCanvas fabric is a thick and plain weave fabric that is made from cotton, jute, linen, hemp and even from polyester. Canvas fabric has basically two main kinds i.e. Plain and duck. In duck canvas fabric, threads are tightly woven. Canvas fabric can be classified in two ways i.e. by weight and by graded number system. Higher the number lower will be the weight of the canvas.
Types of Canvas Fabric
The type depends upon how it has been made. It can be bought as untreated fabric and as flame resistant, water resistant or both. Basically it can be
Waterproof canvas and water resistant canvas
Fire Proof Canvas
Dyed Canvas
Stripe Canvas
Printed Canvas
Canvas Fabric Applications
In all the applications that require rough and thick fabric use the canvas fabric. Because of this it is extensively used as canvas tent, tarpaulins, umbrellas, embossed wall covering, bags and covers. Apart from this canvas fabric is also used for oil painting and to do embroidery or needlework as a mesh fabric. The duck kind of canvas fabric is used for making special garments for the sailors. Canvas fabric manufacturers depending upon the need make all kinds of canvas fabrics that are used in number of different applications.

Canvas Fabric Bag….
Canvas Fabric for Oil Painting
Canvas is extensively used as a painting fabric especially for oil painting. The oil painting canvas fabric is made from linen as linen is suitable for oil painting. Although you may also find the cotton canvas for this purpose but still linen is the most popular one. It also called artist’s canvas and needs wooden support to be used for oil painting. It is basically the loomstate canvas that is stretched during weaving process. Which canvas fabric to pick depends upon number of factors Like the size of the painting, type of paints you are going to use along with paint and application techniques.
Canvas Fabric for Canoes and Sailmaking
Canvas fabric is fastened to wooden hull that is made from the cedar planks and ribs. Canvas since ages has been one of the most promising fabrics for sailmaking. Although there are now many new and light weight fabrics to be used as sailmaking yet the canvas is predominantly used for this purpose. Waterproof canvas fabric has the ability to withstand water.
Needlework Canvas Fabric
Canvas is also used for embroidery and other needlework. Now the type of canvas depends upon the requirement of design. Here you can consider the fiber, type of canvas and thickness of the hole. The needlework canvas fabric is measured as number of mesh per inch.
Canvas for Shelter
Another popular usage of canvas fabric is the outdoor shelter. Canvas is heavier than other material like nylon and at the same time quiet a breathable fabric. You can also make a good summer house out of this fabric.
Canvas as Clothes
Apart from all these usage, the cotton canvas fabric is also used for making human clothes for warm weather. The stiffness of canvas fabric will not allow the cotton to sag as it normally does. Also The canvas shoes are well known.
Canvas is one of the most versatile fabrics.

4)COIR FABRIC………..

…………………………………..coir fabric………….
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Coir fabric is known for its resilience and durable quality. It is the perfect fabric for controlling soil erosion. In horticulture, coir fabric is used as a substitute for peat because it is bacteria free and free from fungal spores. It is an environmental friendly fabric and fully bio-degradable.
Process of making Coir Fabric
The word ‘coir’ is believed to be derived from the Malayalam word Kayar that means a cord (string). Coir fabric is obtained from the fibrous husk, which surrounds the coconut. Green coconuts are harvested after six to twelve months on the plant, which contain white fibers. Mature coconut contains brown fiber. The fibrous layer is separated from the fruit either manually or by machines.

In case of brown fiber, the separated husks are soaked in a slow moving body of water allowing it to swell and to become soft. The coir bristle fiber is put apart from the shorter one and is send for washing in clean water. Sometimes, it is also cleaned by steel combs to make the fibers straight and remove any leftover of shorter pieces. If required, it is bleached and dyed to obtain the required shades.

For white fiber, the husks are put into a river or water-filled pit for approximately ten months. In these ten months, the fibers are loosen. The longer fibers are separated from the shorter one by beating with hand. It is subsequently dried and then cleaned. The cleaned fiber is send for spinning into yarn.
Characteristics of Coir Fabric…………

It is buoyant.
It is stress resistant.
It is environmental friendly.
It is biodegradable.
It is free of bacteria.
We can supply all types of Coir Fabrics & Coir geotextiles. If you have any kind of sourcing requirement send us an enquiry.
Uses of Coir Fabric
Brown coir fabric is used in floormats, doormats, mattresses, sack, twine, etc. White coir fabric is used as ropes. Since ages, coir fabric has been used to produce rope for ships and for making bags.

Coir geotextiles is used for ground improvement of soft clays, construction of low height bunds and protection for canal banks and beaches, base separators for road construction and railway ballast protection.

5) LININ FABRIC…………

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Linen Fabric is noted as the fabric of luxury. It symbolises comfort and elegance. It is antibacterial and

antifungi and does not cause irritation or allergies when worn. It gives protection against UV radiation.

The fabric carries tensile strength and is highly durable. It absorbs moisture 20 times of its weight but never

gives a wet impression. After each wash, linen fabric gets stronger with better look. Since linen has low

elasticity, linen cloths do not deform themselves. Linen fabric is 100% biodegradable and is waste-less.

Linen fabric is being used for more than 10,000 years. It used to be called the fabric of the kings. Egyptians

used it extensively. Wrapping mummies in long lengths of linen was very common. The ancient Phoenician’s

used to make sails from heavy weight linen fabric for their sails. In 15th century, linen fabric was used as

canvas for painting. Linen fabric is obtained from the flax plant. The major producer of linen fabric is

Ireland. It manufactures 20% of the European Union linen yarn. The annual production of linen fabric in

Ireland is 2,000 tons per annum. Ireland also produces the world’s best linen fabric.

Linen is widely blended with wool. The combination of linen and wool is known as linsey-woolsey.

linsey-woolsey fabric, linen is used as warp threads for strength and wool is used as weft threads to give

bulk and warmth to the fabric.
We can supply wide range of linen fabric like linen fabric textures, linen rayon fabric, cotton linen fabric.
Characteristics of Linen Fabric……….

It is lustrous and flexible.
It is beautiful, smooth and elegant.
It is strong and durable.
It supports painting when wet.
It has a low elasticity.
It has great tensile strength.
It is highly absorbent. It can absorb up to 20 times of its weight.
It dries quickly.
It is thermo-regulating.
It is non-allergenic.
It is antibacterial.
It is resistant to wear and abrasion.
Uses of Linen Fabric
Linen fabric is the first choice for summer wear. It absorbs humidity and allows the skin to breathe. The

fabric is suitable for daily use clothing, like shirts, because it becomes softer after each wash. Apart from

this, linen fabric is also widely used as home furnishings.
Linen fabric is also used as rugs because of its strength, durability and resistant to wear and abrasion.
Linen fabric is used as canvas for painting since ages. Linen fabric when wet reacts well with the colors.

NEWS:

On Monday night, a fashionable flock gathered around the racks at Barneys in NYC goggling over the new collection from Stefano Pilati for Yves Saint Laurent. Cut-outs, faded dye, fringe detailing and plasticized lapels, all on classic silhouettes: nothing too far from the fashion house’s design-as-usual. However, a closer look at the label unveils Pilati’s true accomplishment. Each piece is created from leftover cotton drill from previous YSL inventories, forming a sustainable collection.

3 Responses to FABRIC KNOWLEDGE

  1. Diva says:

    amazing .. amazing..

  2. On Monday night, a fashionable flock gathered around the racks at Barneys in NYC goggling over the new collection from Stefano Pilati for Yves Saint Laurent. Cut-outs, faded dye, fringe detailing and plasticized lapels, all on classic silhouettes: nothing too far from the fashion house’s design-as-usual. However, a closer look at the label unveils Pilati’s true accomplishment. Each piece is created from leftover cotton drill from previous YSL inventories, forming a sustainable collection.

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